Mounting pressures led Syria Kurds to leave the country


Thousands of Syrian Kurdish families left their hometown of Kobane amid growing violence and mounting pressures. File photo

ARA News

Kobane, Syria – Amid continued clashes between al-Qaeda offshoot group of the Islamic State (IS) and Kurdish forces of the Popular Protection Units (YPG) in the city of Kobane (Ain al-Arab) in Aleppo province, northern Syria, the Assayish forces (security arm of the Democratic Union Party ‘PYD’) intensified patrols along the Syrian-Turkish border near Kobane on Saturday.

The Assayish forces’ decision of monitoring the border came in order to prevent infiltration and smuggling. Activists in Kobane told ARA News that the Assayish also recruited informers in villages next to the Syrian-Turkish border to update them about those who cross into Turkey.

On the other hand, the Turkish border guards’ violations continue in the line linking Turkey to the Syrian regions with Kurdish majority through opening firing against Syrians who try to illegally cross the borders.

“Many civilians are obliged to leave their homes and resort to Turkey, especially with the mounting pressures practised by the PYD-linked Assayish forces against people of Kobane. Since the border crossing with Turkey is closed, people are forced into illegal ways to enter Turkey, but the ‘brutality’ of the Turkish border guards put them in danger,” Halim Ali, a Kurdish activist, told ARA News in Kobane.

According to observers, the PYD-linked Assayish security forces try to evacuate the area from the majority which opposes PYD’s policies in Syria’s Kurdish-majority areas.

“PYD supporters spread rumors in Kobane to put people under pressure and oblige them to leave their homes. For months we hear rumors of Islamists danger and a possible attack by IS against the city and nothing has happened yet,” said Ali. “Every once in a while we hear that extremists will break into the city within 48 hours, all this news remained baseless but caused mass displacement among civilians and opponents of the PYD.”

Speaking to ARA News, Mahmoud Saleh , father of three children based in Kobane, said: “Despite of the deteriorating economic conditions I insisted on staying in my hometown. However, the state of panic caused by the Assayish pressures I’m looking now for a smuggler to cross into Turkey with my family.”

“We suffer multiple pressures by the PYD-linked Assayish on the one hand, and the possible attacks by terrorists of IS on the other hand,” Saleh said. “Let alone the shortage of basic supplies.”

Sozdar Ramadan, a resident of Kobane who failed to cross into Turkey last week, told ARA News that he was captured by the Turkish border guards with his family before entering the Turkish territory.

“I’ve never imagined myself to be humiliated this was. I just wanted to escape the area with my family before the alleged attack by IS takes place. We (Ramadan and his family) remained in detention for 40 hours, they (Turkish guards) treated us like animals, beating and torturing us for hours,” he said. “After being released we came back to Kobane but the Assayish held us for few hours for questioning. Life became unbearable here.”

Speaking to ARA News, many of Kobane residents blamed the Democratic Union Party (PYD) and allies forces of the Assayish for the deteriorating living conditions in the Kurdish-populated area. However, PYD-linked activists emphasized that the party is trying its best to defend the Kurds against militants of the Islamic State through its military arm of the Popular Protection Units (YPG), and also trying to fill the security vacuum through the security forces of the Assayish.


Reporting by: Yusuf Ramadan

Source: ARA News

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